Piazza della Repubblica
Piazza della Repubblica in Rome is a bustling square located in the heart of the city. With its stunning Fountain of the Naiads and grand Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli e Martiri, it’s no wonder that this destination is a must-see for any traveler. Whether you’re interested in history, architecture, or simply soaking up the vibrant atmosphere of Rome, Piazza della Repubblica is definitely worth a visit.
The square has a rich history that dates back to ancient times. Originally, the area was home to a large thermal bath complex built by the Roman Emperor Diocletian in the 3rd century AD. Later, during the Renaissance period, the area was transformed into a grand public square, complete with fountains, statues, and impressive architecture. Today, Piazza della Repubblica remains a popular destination for tourists and locals alike, offering a glimpse into the city’s fascinating past.
Piazza della Repubblica, also called Piazza Esedra, has kept the semicircular shape of the exedra of the Terme di Dioclaziano. It was rebuilt at the end of the 19th century when Rome became the capital of the united Italy. From the Piazza, the Via Nazionale starts. It is one of the main streets of the city.
In the middle of the square is the Fontana delle Naiadi, which caused a scandal in the year of its unveiling in 1901, due to the nudity of the nymphs. Originally the Fountain was decorated with 4 lions that were commissioned by pope Pius IX. The creatures the nymphs play with symbolize different forms of water. The seahorse represents the oceans, the water snake represents the rivers, the swan represents the lakes, and the lizard represents the underground waterways. In the middle is the sea god Glaucus. He represents how humans defeat the forces of nature.
Another must-see attraction in Piazza della Repubblica is the grand Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli e Martiri. Originally built by the famous architect Michelangelo in the 16th century, the basilica was later renovated and expanded in the 18th century. The basilica’s stunning architecture and rich history make it a popular destination for tourists and locals alike. Inside, visitors can admire beautiful frescoes and sculptures, as well as the impressive meridian line, which was used to calculate the date of Easter.
Another attraction worth visiting close to the Piazza della Repubblica is the National Museum of Rome. This museum is home to an impressive collection of ancient Roman artifacts, including sculptures, mosaics, and frescoes. Visitors can explore the museum’s many galleries and learn about the history and culture of ancient Rome. Some of the museum’s highlights include the famous Discus Thrower sculpture and the stunning frescoes from the Villa of Livia. Whether you’re a history buff or simply interested in learning more about ancient Rome, the National Museum of Rome is a must-see destination.