Peter was born in year 1 in Bethsaida and lived with his wife and children in Capernaum. He was led to Christ by the apostle Andrew and was thus accepted into the group of disciples.
Peter’s confession of faith from Caesarea: “You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God!” Following Peter’s confession, Jesus calls him anew: “Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona; for it was not flesh and blood that revealed this to thee, but my Father in heaven. But I say to you: You are Peter and on this rock I will build my church and the powers of the underworld will not overcome it. I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; what you will bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and what you will loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.”
Saint Peter in Santa Maria in Traspontina (Rome)
Saint Peter in San Giovanni in Laterano (Rome)
During his time with Christ, whom he always followed, numerous important scenes have been handed down:
Jesus cures Peter’s mother-in-law of fever
As Jesus walks on the water, Peter follows him, but he sinks “Lord, help, I am sinking”. After his salvation he declares “You are in truth the Son of God”
He experiences the transfiguration of Christ
He felt unworthy to let Christ wash his feet
At the arrest of Christ, he cuts off an ear of a servant of the high priest
He denies Jesus three times before the rooster crows
After the resurrection he receives the order to ” pasture the lambs of Christ”.
Ananias and Sapphira drop dead as they lie to Peter about the amount of a donation to the church
He raises Tabitha from the dead
He is present at the death and ascension of Mary
After the beheading of James the Elder, Peter is taken prisoner. However, an angel appears to him, who loosened the chains and enabled him to pass the guards.
He travelled to Italy in 43 and then to Rome. On his way he founded the first Christian community of Europe in Santa Maria di Leuca. In Rome he led the Christian community during the reign of Emperor Nero.
After Peter and Paul let the magician Simon fall from the sky, they were captured by order of Nero, who thereby lost his court magician.
Thanks to the help of some friends, Peter manages to escape from prison. While fleeing, Christ appears to him and Peter asks him “Quo vadis, Domine?” – “Where are you going, Lord?” Christ replied “To Rome to be crucified again”. Peter decides to follow him and be crucified too. He is crucified upside down at his own request, because he considered himself unworthy to die the same death as Christ.
He is the patron saint of Rome, Trier, Geneva, the popes, confessors, carpenters, blacksmiths, stonemasons, fishermen, butchers and the virgins. He is called upon in cases of possession, theft, rabies, fever and snakebite.